Scarlet Oak

Botanical Name:
Quercus coccinea

Family Name:
Fagaceae / oak and beech

The scarlet oak is a large tree with a rounded, open crown of glossy foliage, best known for its brilliant autumn color. Scarlet oaks require a lot of space to grow, but make excellent shade trees, preferring sunny areas with well drained, sandy soils.

50 – 75′

Habitat and Range:
Scarlet oak grows across the Eastern United States and southern Canada. This species is found in a variety of habitats, including poor soils in mixed forests, and on upland ridges.

The scarlet oak has similar foliage to the red oak, with leaves that are deeply lobed with sharply pointed tips. Foliage is a glossy green in summer turning to scarlet in fall.

Wildlife Value:
Scarlet oak acorns are an important food source for many animals, including squirrels, chipmunks, mice, deer, wild turkey, blue jays, and red headed woodpeckers.

Did you Know?
• Oaks produce more than 2000 acorns every year, but only one in 10,000 acorns will manage to develop into oak tree.
• Scarlet Oak falls into the red oak group, and shares many of the same traits as Red Oak (Quercus rubra).
• A full-grown Scarlet Oak Tree could produce enough oxygen in a day for two people.

Benefits to Our Community (based on carbon dioxide sequestered, storm water runoff avoided, and air pollution removed each year):
Over the next 15 years, this tree will give back $165 worth of benefits to our community.